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What Is EU’s AI Act and How Would It Affect ChatGPT?



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Open AI’s ChatGPT has gained huge popularity worldwide, but at the same time it has also left various countries worried about how AI would impact their residents. Countries are working hard to create rules that allow their citizens to use AI tools but not at the cost of their privacy.

The European Artificial Intelligence Act is an example of such a step taken by the EU authorities to regulate the use of AI across European countries. According to this act, AI tools will be categorised into different categories based on their risk levels.

This act has been under development since the past two years and has undergone various changes. However, according to a recent report, the European government is planning to finalise this act soon. Let’s go deeper and see what the EU’s AI act is and how it will affect ChatGPT.

What Is the EU AI Act?

The EU AI Act is a new legal framework proposed by the European lawmakers. The act focuses on regulating the development and usage of AI tools across Europe. It proposes a classification system to categorise the AI tools based on their risk levels, namely minimal, limited, high, and unacceptable.

According to the act, applications falling under the unacceptable category will be immediately banned. High-risk applications will have to meet tough requirements and ensure privacy and safety of users.

Minimal and limited risk applications can be used with less transparency obligations and little requirements.

The primary aim of the EU act is to establish rules to ensure transparency and user safety. It also addresses ethical issues arising due to AI tools usage. It proposes rules for general purpose applications like ChatGPT and the risks associated while using such applications.

Who Will Be Affected by the EU AI Act?

The EU AI act is still under development. However, it is anticipated that the act will affect organisations and individuals associated with AI tool research, development, and usage. Some of these include:

  • Organisers that use AI.
  • People who are physically present in the EU while using AI systems.
  • Third-party country users that use AI tools in their country but the output is associated or present in the EU.
  • Distributors of AI systems.
  • Representatives of AI systems.
  • Manufacturers labelling and using AI systems from the EU under their name or trademark.

In simple words, the EU Act is going to affect every AI user, representative, or system running within the EU.

Why Is Sam Altman Threatening to Pull ChatGPT From the EU?

Though the EU AI act is generic and applicable to all AI apps and tools, it is significantly impacting ChatGPT’s usage in the EU. The act questions on ChatGPT’s usage, working policy, transparency, and data collection policies. After hearing about this act, Sam Altman threatened the people by saying that he would pull ChatGPT from the EU for the way the act is worded.

Recently, Sam Altman expressed concern regarding the effect of the EU AI act on ChatGPT. He also added that the company will do its best to ensure ChatGPT complies with the EU AI Act. But this would only be possible if it is technically possible to modify ChatGPT to meet the act. Otherwise, he might pull the chatbot from the EU.

The EU’s AI Act Could Alter AI Development

The EU’s AI act has several supporters. But it is a major disappointment for AI developers and companies. These people have to strictly adhere to the EU AI Act and ensure their apps and tools don’t break the rules. That means, the act will have a positive and negative impact on AI developers and EU residents.

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